Koyomi: Calender

Current lives of Japanese people are based on a new calendar (Gregorian calender) adopted in the 5th year of the Meiji Period (1872). The previous old calender (Lunisolar calender), a system that combines the 24 solar terms based on  the waxing and waning of the moon together with the movement of the sun, had been introduced from China to Japan in the Nara Period (710-794). Today some regions still use the old calender for traditional annual events and Buddhist ceremonies. However, since the new calender and the old one do not fully correspond to each other, usually adjustments are made to follow the new calender delaying events such as obon (the obon festival) by a month. This is called “tsuki okure” which literary translates to ‘(by) a month late’.

32

 

日本語にほんごレベル:中級ちゅうきゅう  日本語にほんご能力のうりょく試験しけんきゅう程度ていど 
(Japanese level: Intermediate  JLPT N2)

現在げんざい日本人にほんじんは、明治めいじ5(1872)ねん採用さいようされた新暦しんれき(グリゴリオれき)にもとづいています。それまで使つかわれていた旧暦きゅうれき太陰太陽暦たいいんたいようれき)は奈良時代ならじだい中国ちゅうごくからつたわったもので、つきけと太陽たいよう運行うんこうによる二十四節気にじゅうしせっきわせています。現在げんざいでも伝統的でんとうてき年中ねんちゅう行事ぎょうじ仏事ぶつじのときには旧暦きゅうれき使つか地方ちほうがありますが、新暦しんれき旧暦きゅうれきではずれがあるため、おぼんのように新暦しんれきわせて1かげつおくれにしています。これを「月遅つきおくれ」とびます。

4

 

 

 

 

Posted in Annual Events and Social Life, Japanese Culture
skype2

STAY in TOUCH Follow us on Facebook & Twitter

Flag Counter
wang-xiao
snowfox