Verb te-form (JLPT N5 Grammar)

 

The verb form which ends with “te” or “de” is called the “te-form”.

 

グループ1   Group 1

① Group1 Verb ending with “su”: replace “su” with “shite”.

109

② Group1 Verb ending with “ku”: replace “ku” with “ite”.

110

“iku” is an exception to the rule.

 111

③ Group1 Verb ending with “gu”: replace “gu” with “ide”.

112

④ Group1 Verb ending with “u”, “tsu” and “ru”: replace them with “tte”.

113

⑤ Group1 Verb ending with “mu”, “bu” and “nu”: replace them with “nde”.

 114

 

グループ2   Group 2 

Take off “ru”, and add “te”.

115  116  117

 

グループ3   Group 3 

“suru” becomes “shite”, “kuru” becomes “kite”.

118

 

~てください

This sentence pattern is used when requesting something. “te-form” must be immediately followed by “kudasai”.

 

教科書きょうかしょんでください。

Please read the textbook.

まどけてください。

Please open the window.

ぶんつくってください。

Please make a sentence.


 

~てもいいです

“te-form+moiidesu” means “you may do…”. This expression is used to grant permission.

To ask for permission, you can turn it into “-temo ii desu ka”. “ii desu yo ” is used to replay to question “-temo ii desu ka”. When not giving permission, “sumimasen, chotto…” is used.

 

A: まどけてもいいですか。 B: すみません、ちょっと・・・。

A: May I open the box?  B: Excuse me, it’s just…

A: この写真しゃしんてもいいですか。  B: はい、いいですよ。

A: May I see this picture? B: Yes, it’s ok.


 

~てはいけません

“te-form+wa ikemasen” is used to express prohibition.

 

ここで写真しゃしんってはいけません。

You must not take picture here.

ドアをけてはいけません。

You must not open the door.


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Posted in JLPT N5 Grammar
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